ebook  History of Watertown, Wisconsin


Dr. Adolph H. Hartwig

1866 – 1934

Dr. A. H. Hartwig Veterinary Hospital, 109 S Fifth St





A. H. Hartwig has recently received a new lot of imported Percheron and French Coach stallions.  Among which is the famous two-year-old Coach stallion, Negro, who was on exhibition at the American Horse show, Chicago, Oct. 30th to Nov. 9th.  Negro is of a beautiful black color, is very stylish and active, and seems to catch the eye of everyone who has seen him.  This horse was purchased for the purpose of introducing to this community this valuable breed of high stepping fancy Coach horses, which the market daily demands at fancy prices.  Negro is the first and only genuine French Coach horse ever brought to this city and is a perfect model of his breeding.      WR




A. H. Hartwig's new and commodious horse mart at the foot of Western Avenue, directly east of the C. &N.W. Ry. track, opened up for business last Tuesday with as fine a display of horse flesh as we have ever laid our eyes on, consisting of French Coach, German Coach, Percheron and French draught horses.  The large barn is conveniently arranged for caring for these blooded animals, and at the present time every stall is occupied with as fine a specimen of the horse kingdom as was every imported to or raised in this country.  This lot of horses was selected abroad under the personal direction of James Fletcher, the celebrated manager of Oak Lawn Farm at Wayne, Ill., and among the lot are three of the celebrated Brilliant family of Percherons, the most noted and the best-bred horses now in existence...Mr. Hartwig wishes all who admire a fine horse to call at his place of business and inspect his outfit.      WG



Hartwig's new horse barns are daily crowded with people admiring his elegant stock of stallions and congratulating him on possessing horses of the highest prize-winning strains of Europe and America.  All who have looked over this stock say they are the finest they have ever seen.  Every lover of good horse flesh is cordially invited to give him a call and inspect his stock at the new barns located at the Chicago & Northwestern railway depot.    WR




While out hunting in their father's woods one day last week, the Hartwig boys, Adolph and Reinhold [Reinhart], came across a rich find of wild if honey in the hollow trunk of an old tree, wherein the bees had made a large hive.  The hive was secured by cutting down the tree and when the combs were strained ten gallons of pure honey was produced.      WR




Dr. A. H. Hartwig is now nicely settled in his new veterinary office at 211 Market Street, where he has added a large operating room and an emergency hospital in connection with a neat and convenient office, which is furnished with the latest improvements in the veterinary profession.  The operating room is supplied with one of the newly improved Price operating tables used for confining animals during surgical operations, in order to prevent the danger of casting with ropes and to perfectly secure the animal in a natural position.  A pharmacy is being added.   Cross References:  Price operating table   /  W. W. Arzberger worked with him right out of Vet school.  He had that horse operating table till he died in 1986.


The horse barns-near the Chicago & Northwestern depot are being changed into a veterinary infirmary for the treatment of alI domesticated animals.  Dr. Hartwig receives calls at his office constantly during the day and night, and has telephone connections both at the office and in the infirmary.      WR




An extraordinary surgical operation was performed Sunday by Veterinary Surgeon A. H. Hartwig on a blooded Holstein owned by Edward Pugh of Ixonia.  The cow broke her leg a few days previously in such a manner that it could not be set, and when consulted Dr. Hartwig advised either amputation of the member or killing of the cow.  The former was decided on and the animal brought to the doctor’s infirmary here.  The leg was successfully amputated at the knee and the cow is now getting along nicely, being able to stand a portion of the time on three legs and eating heartily.  In due course of time it is intended to fit the disabled member with a wooden leg and socket, and it is thought the animal will then be able to walk in her accustomed way.


Such cases are rare, indeed, no parallel being known in this country, but in Europe the doctor says there are examples of it.  Great interest has been aroused by the operation and many people call daily to see the cow.  It is expected that the wounds will heal in about three weeks, when the wooden leg will be attached.   WR



01 29       Thos. Burke, of Richwood, on Monday sold a three year old team of horses to Albion Coplin, of the town of Portland, the consideration being $175.  They were sired by Dr. A. H. Hartwig's celebrated German Coach stallion, are of a beautiful bay color, well matched, and one of the finest young teams sold hereabouts in some time.   WG


04 07       Last Wednesday Superintendent Whitehead, for the State Humane Society of Milwaukee, and District Attorney Lueck, of Juneau, visited the farm of Howard Bros, in the town of Shields west of this city in company with Dr. A.H. Hartwig of this place.  They claim to have found the carcasses of 45 dead horses, cows and calves on their premises, and believe that the animals died of the want of receiving proper care and food.  This is certainly a very shocking condition of affairs to exist in any community, civilized or uncivilized, and it is about time to have it blotted out.  District Attorney Lueck claims to have evidence enough to punish the ones responsible for this state of affairs, but if punished he is of the opinion that it would not better matters any.  The only remedy, it seems, would be to have a state law passed empowering the officers of the law to take charge of stock that is treated in such a manner.   WG


11 28       State Veterinarian H. P. Clute has appointed Dr. A. H. Hartwig an assistant to inspect cattle in this vicinity.  The doctor's special duties will be to guard against the shipping of cattle affected with tuberculosis into the state of Illinois.  The Illinois cattle board will condemn any bovines found to have the disease and the shipper will consequently be out whatever the cattle are worth.   WG




Knowing ones say that Dr. A. H. Hartwig will be Bob LaFollette’s state veterinarian to succeed Dr. Clute, if the Madison man is elected governor.  WG




Hoards Dairyman, of Ft. Atkinson will hereafter have a veterinary department superintended by Dr. A. H. Hartwig of this city, who will contribute basic article from time to time for that department of the paper.   WG






04 04       FREAKS OF NATURE

Among the recent additions to Dr. A. H. Hartwig’s collection of nature’s freaks are two specimens which were born in this vicinity. One is the head of a calf which he has mounted. The head contains no mouth or nostrils and has but one large eye set directly in the center of the forehead. The other specimen is a pig with one head and two bodies. Both animals were alive, but died shortly after birth.   WR




At a special meeting of the common council held at the city hall Thursday evening, a resolution was adopted demanding that Dr. A. Hartwig should retract in writing the statements it is claimed he made last winter assailing the integrity and honesty of the members of the common council, and was given thirty days in which to file such retraction with the city clerk, and should he fail to file such retraction within the time specified in the resolution, charges would be preferred against him as a member of the council.


President: It is alleged, that statements were made during the last session of the legislature when a certain dam bill [Rough & Ready dam], (with which the people here are familiar) was under consideration and was to the effect that the council sold out to the Electric Light and Gas Company for the sum of $500.00.


The writer knows nothing of the controversy, but has learned that the company offered to give the city the sum of $500.00 in case the bill passed and the dam was built to repair a certain bridge which would be damaged to some extent by raising the water in the river ... If the doctor made the statements as alleged and they were untrue, he should make the amend honorable. If he did not make such statements as alleged, he should stand pat and demand that the common council adopt a resolution exonerating him from the charge as set forth in the resolution adopted Thursday night.   WR



To the Mayor and Common Council of the city of Watertown.


Gentlemen:  In response to the report of the committee adopted by your honorable body at a special meeting held July 27,1905, a copy of which was served on me, I have only to say that said report purports to refer to so-called “derogatory statements made by myself at the meeting of the common council held June 20,1905,” and claiming that the same “reflected upon their honesty, integrity and good character of the mayor and common council of the city of Watertown.”


The said report nowhere sets forth the language or so-called derogatory statements complained of.


I am unable to find in any language or statements made by myself to which said report can refer, and I am therefore at a loss to know with what I am charged, or what is desired that I should retract or apologize for.


I am satisfied, however, apart from any records kept by the common council, that the complaint against me arises from my attitude upon Substitute bill No. 388 S, considered by the recent session of the state legislature . . . This bill sought to authorize the Watertown Electric Co., its successors, and assigns to raise the height some three feet of the dam across the Rock river in the city of Watertown, known as the Rough and Ready dam . . . The records . . . will show that . . . a petition was made petitioning said council to oppose the raising of the dam, and to protect the interests of said property owners . . . Thereupon a committee was appointed which made oral report to the common council March 14th setting forth various advantages and protections which the Watertown Electric Co . . . I have no apology to make for my opposition to bill No. 388s; I know its defeat was generally desired by my constituency...


Respectfully submitted,

A. H. Hartwig   WR


12 03       A petition signed by 103 of the voters in the Second ward protesting against the action of Mayor Wertheimer in suspending Alderman A. H. Hartwig from office on the 11th inst., and asking him to revoke such action and to reinstate Alderman Hartwig, has been presented to the mayor.  What action the mayor will take in the matter has not been made public, but it is presumable that he will adhere to the course he has already adopted.   WR


12 06       Sometime ago, a committee of three was appointed at a meeting of the common to investigate certain reports and statements made by Alderman, A. H. Hartwig effecting the honesty and integrity of the members of the council, which duty was performed and report made to the council in which it was stated in their findings that such reports of statements had been made by Alderman Hartwig and a retraction demanded of him by the council. He made a retraction which was not satisfactory to the council and charges were subsequently preferred against him, the same committee being appointed for that purpose, and he cited to appear Friday before the council acting as a court of impeachment and answer to the charge. The court met at 10 a. m. at the council chamber, each alderman being in his place and answering to his name, A. C. Kading, city attorney appearing for the city and Gustave Buchheit of this city and Ernst N. Warner of Madison appearing for the accused alderman. After considerable delay had been experienced in offering motions which were over-ruled by the mayor, the court got down to business and the taking of testimony began upon the part of the council. Letter being read from Lieut. Gov. J. O. Davidson and oral testimony given by Senator Breach and others as to the matter in controversy. When the committee rested rebutting was given by the accused and others and at the close the council took a vote at 11:30 p.m. finding Alderman Hartwig guilty and suspending him for 60 days as alderman of his ward.   WR


12 08       The common council of this city sitting as a committee of the whole on Friday last on the case of alderman A. H. Hartwig, charged with saying that he had heard members of the last legislature say that the council of this city had sold out by exacting the sum of $550 to be paid to the city of Watertown Electric Co. the in the event that the bill for raising the Rough and Ready dam passed the legislature, found him guilty, and suspended Alderman Hartwig for 60 days.   WR


12 23       At the regular meeting of the common council held Tuesday evening at the council chamber, the following demand which had been filed with City Clerk Frank S. Weber was presented, read and referred to the grievance committee consisting of Alderman L. A. Knick, John P. Humphrey, and M. J. Burke:


The undersigned, Adolph Hartwig, the newly elected alderman of the Second ward in the city of Watertown hereby demands at that said common council at its meeting to be held on this 19 day of December A.D. 1905 rescind its actions whereby it attempted to suspend the undersigned from office as such alderman and repeal the resolution passed by it to that effect and demand that the mayor and said common council recognized him, as such alderman and that the city clerk place the name of the undersigned upon the role of said common council and call such name at the meetings of said council.



Alderman second ward,

City of Watertown, Wis.   WR



01 26       The time for the city officials to answer the mandamus to show why the proceeding against Alderman A. H. Hartwig should not be expunged from the record, which was to have been heard yesterday by Judge Dick at Juneau, was postponed until the February term of the Dodge county circuit court which convenes on the 13th day of that month.   WDT



03 02       Last week an article taken from the Juneau Independent appeared in the Republican relative to the mandamus case of A. H. Hartwig against the mayor and aldermen of the city of Watertown. The article was misleading for the very simple reason that it did not state the facts. The “motion to squash” the writ was not argued neither was it denied by the court. The motion will be argued at some future date and until it is argued it will not be determined whether the city will be required to answer the suit or not. The editor of the Independent was evidently misled as was the Republican, who believes in a “square deal” “and deprecates anything that savors of unfairness in the discussion of public matters.” Nobody is hurt by letting the exact facts be known.   WDT



                     Dr. Hartwig, 1906, cartoonist drawing, Men in the Public Eye



02 20       Before taking up the calendar for the February term of the Circuit Court, Judge Dick heard the attorneys in the mandamus proceedings begun by Dr. A. H. Hartwig against the City Council of Watertown.


The case has attracted considerable attention and grew out of remarks alleged to have been made by Dr. A. H. Hartwig in the Rough and Ready dam matter while the bill for raising said dam was in the legislature.  Upon that and other alleged statements by Mr. Hartwig who was then an alderman, charges were preferred against him by a committee of three aldermen and he was tried and the suspension of sixty days from the council followed on December 2.  Mr. Hartwig, by attorney, tried to have the action rescinded by the council, and, failing in this, began mandamus proceedings before Judge Dick.


When the matter came up Tuesday City Attorney Kading and Attorney M. L. Lueck, appearing for the City of Watertown, moved to quash the writ on the ground that there was no statutory cause for the issuance.  The motion was denied and the defendant will now serve an answer.  The case will again come up on March 5.  Attorneys Gust Buchheit and Harlow Pease appeared as attorneys for Dr. Hartwig.   WDT



11 24       Dr. A. Hartwig’s new veterinary hospital on South Fifth street is now complete and open for business.  The new structure consists of two buildings large enough to accommodate twenty-two horses or cattle and six dogs.  The building is lighted by electricity and is supplied with city water, sewerage, electric bells and all modern appliances necessary to make the establishment an up to date one.  The institution will be named The Watertown Veterinary Hospital, with its office, pharmacy and laboratory at 109 South Fifth Street, which are also new, and modern in all their appointments.  In order to supply the demands of his large practice . . . the doctor has secured the services of . . . Dr. Charles G. Schultz of Wausau, who graduated from the Chicago Veterinary College in 1903, carrying off the gold medal for the highest average standing in his class . . . WDT



01 21       Dr. A. H. Hartwig.  The only qualified Veterinarian in this vicinity.  The largest and most complete establishment in the state.  Best facilities for any emergency.  Large hospital in connection.  109 Fifth St.  [advertisement]   WG


08 12       Homecoming celebration, Dr. Hartwig's machine came in for the greatest applause, his machine being considered the best decorated of the hundred or more machines in the parade.   WG







      Associated with Dr. Hartwig Veterinary Hospital








A petition asking for the appointment of a commission was filed in the county court at Jefferson signed by Dr. A. H. Hartwig, Ex-Sheriff C. A. Vaughan and County Treasurer Frank Petro, requesting that Wm. G. Cody be examined by a sanity commission.


08 19       WITHDRAWS FROM COMPANY.  Dr. Arzburger Opens Office at 304 Madison Street.

Dr. W. W. Arzburger resigned his position as veterinarian for the Dr. Hartwig, Comber, Arzburger company on Monday, which was the end of the fourth fiscal year of the company, and has opened an office in the building at 304 Madison Street, which was formerly occupied by Hess & Volkmann.  Stables adjacent to the building will be used for hospital purposes as needed.


Dr. Arzburger entered the employ of Dr. A. H. Hartwig nearly five years ago, and has been a resident of the city since that time, except for a residence of about eight months at Ft. Atkinson after the organization of the company, when a branch was maintained there.  Many of his friends have been apprised of the change and have called to wish him success in his new venture.   WG



05 11       Dr. A. H. Hartwig, the well-known veterinarian, took formal notice of the fact that it was the twenty-first anniversary of the establishment of his practice in the city.  The doctor is a native of this city having been born on a farm within the city limits.


In 1891, when the horse market was at its lowest ebb and business in that line was very dull, he found that he could be spared from the home farm long enough to make a more exhaustive study of his chosen science.


He visited a number of European veterinary colleges, but after comparing them with American colleges, decided to choose an American college, and in due time graduated from the Chicago Veterinary College.  He began practicing in Watertown in 1895.


The doctor, who is a republican in politics, has been active for years in the affairs of his party. He served the Second ward as alderman, held the office as deputy oil inspector and deputy game warden two years each, served as state veterinarian under Governor F. E. McGovern, and is now directing the La Follette campaign in the Second congressional district as district chairman.   WG



                    Dr Hartwig’s home, 804 Main, c1921



                   (idealized),  c1921                


DEPT OF SURGERY, Hartwig’s Hospital





        Mrs. R. Sauerhering Died At Mayville.

Dr. A. H. Hartwig, Ferd Hartwig and R. W. Hartwig attended the funeral of their aunt, Mrs. Henrietta Sauerhering at Mayville Tuesday.  The deceased was a sister of their father, the late Ferdinand Hartwig.  Her death occurred at the family home in Mayville Saturday, 10/14/22 and was due to general debility.  Her husband, the late Rudolph Sauerhering, who was for many years one of the foremost men of Mayville, died about 15 years ago and since then she resided with her unmarried daughter, Miss Hertha Sauerhering.  She is also survived by 3 sons: Ex-congressman Edward Sauerhering of Mayville, Prof. Rudolph Sauerhering of Virginia, and Richard Sauerhering of Chicago, and an only sister, Mrs. Louise Link of Hustisford.  Mrs. Sauerhering was born in Writzen on the Oder, 4 miles from Berlin, in the province of Brandenberg 78 years ago.  She came to this country in 1855.  In 1858 she married Mr. Sauerhering.




A group of Watertown's citizens composed almost entirely of businessmen met at City Hall Thursday night, 6/28/28 with Mayor A. H. Hartwig to discuss charges made by the mayor at a recent meeting of the city council . . . there were many a stormy moment during the evening.  The voices of some of the persons taking part could be heard in all parts of the building as the argument became more and more intense. . . . Mayor's remarks that brought about the controversy last night included charges that a "committee of 49" and certain "special interests" were at work to defeat the mayor's civic policy and that the forces were at work under cover to keep out new industry, that they are regulating wages and in other ways dominating the laboring classes. . .



Mayor Hartwig, Leonard Oestreich were involved in a fistic battle in the Gessert soft drink parlor resulting in Leonard Oestreich being jailed for several hours and responsible for 3 warrants being issued, one against Mayor Hartwig and two against Mr. Oestreich.  Trouble started about 7 o'clock last evening and was over a quantity of gravel said to have been taken from the city by Mr. Oestreich.







05 04       One of the city's old and well constructed mansions, the former home of Edward and Emil Seibel, owners of the old Seibel Bros. Circus, is coming down to make way for a service station to be erected by the Clyman Oil Co.  The home is at 802 [actually 804] Main Street.  In more recent years it was owned and occupied by the late Dr. A .B. [actually A. H.] Hartwig, one of the city's mayors, and later by his son, Attorney Harold W. Hartwig.


Cross Reference:

11 05 1914.  Real Estate Sale.  The fine home of Emil Seibel at the corner of North Eighth and Main streets [Main, E, 804] has been sold through the real estate agency of Louis Scholl & Co.  Mr. Seibel traded his home with Otto Kissel for an 80-acre farm near Hartford.   WG






From Jefferson County Wisconsin and its People – A Record of Settlement, Organization, Progress and Achievement, Vol. II, Chicago, S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1917.


Dr. Adolph Henry Hartwig is accounted one of the foremost veterinary surgeons of Wisconsin, and has at different times been state veterinarian, editor and publisher of the Farmers' Veterinary Adviser and editor of the veterinary department of Hoard's Dairyman.  His present activities constitute a logical step in development from his early training.  He was born upon his father's farm in the Dodge county part of the city of Watertown, July 17, 1866, a son of Ferdinand and Doris (Otto) Hartwig.  Both his father and his maternal grandfather were pioneer settlers of this section of the state.


Ferdinand Hartwig was born in Wirtzen, in the province of Brandenburg, Germany, and on coming to the United States settled at Ixonia, Wisconsin.  He was accompanied by three brothers, Gottlieb, August and Carl, and the first two were afterward associated with him in farming and in the conduct of a brickyard.  Ferdinand Hartwig first worked in a brickyard for twenty-five cents per day and as his employer failed to pay he had to accept bricks in lieu of wages.  Carl, the youngest of the brothers, became a druggist in Milwaukee and later entered the employ of the United States government in the internal revenue service.


Ferdinand Hartwig afterward sold his interests in Ixonia and removed to Watertown.  He married Mrs. Doris (Otto) Bonner, the widow of Frederick J. Bonner, one of the founders of Watertown and the owner of Bonner's Addition in the fifth ward as well as the owner of a fine farm within the city limits, on the northwest.  Ferdinand Hartwig was a pioneer breeder of pedigreed Durham cattle, and was the first to introduce and breed pure bred Holstein cattle, cattle from his farm being the foundation of the famous dairy herds of this section.  He was also a large feeder of cattle and he built and operated a lime kiln and brickyard on his farm.  In 1868 he erected one of the finest farm residences of that day, costing over six thousand dollars.  In early life he gave his political allegiance to the Democratic Party but joined the ranks of the Republican Party during McKinley's first campaign, in 1896.  He served for twenty-five consecutive years as supervisor and member of the city council, and was a most active and progressive citizen, assisting materially in the development of Watertown between 1865 and 1885.


He was one of the founders of the Free Protestant church, furnishing material, which he hauled from his farm, to build the foundation of the house of worship, and in this and many other ways he contributed to the development of the section in which he lived.  Fraternally he was connected with the Sons of Hermann.


He died June 20, 1901, and is still survived by his widow, who was born in Germany, December 2, 1831, a daughter of John Frederick Otto, who came with his family from the fatherland and settled in Watertown in 1848.  He was a blacksmith, and to some extent followed his trade after coming to this country but was largely known as a successful agriculturist and hop raiser.  He was born in 1797 and died in 1880.  One of his daughters, Fredericka, became the wife of Frederick Werner, and their son, Frederick C. Werner, is one of Watertown's well known physicians.


Henry Otto, the son of the family, is a well known resident of Horicon, Wisconsin.  Mrs. Hartwig, a sister, has now reached the advanced age of eighty-six years and is remarkably well preserved both physically and mentally.  She personally manages her farm of two hundred and forty acres and she still cooks her birthday dinner for her children and grandchildren.  Her mind is keen and alert and few remain as well preserved at that time of life.  By her first marriage she had two daughters, both now deceased—Louisa, who became the wife of John Schwartz, and Ina, the wife of Ernest Kreuger, of Watertown, who has also passed away.


Mr. and Mrs. Ferdinand Hartwig had a family of ten children, five sons and five daughters.  Gustave, born in 1860 died in 1880. Ferdinand C., born in 1862 was at one time engaged in merchandising and at different periods has carried on cheese manufacturing and the cold storage business and the saloon business and has engaged in the breeding of pure bred Holstein cattle.  He was also at one time a member of the city council.  At the present, however, he is living retired.  Otto Julius, the third of the family, born in 1864, was educated in the Watertown schools, the Spencerian Business College of Milwaukee and the Chicago College of Pharmacy, and is now a druggist of Chicago and chairman of the board of directors of the Northwest State Bank of that city.  He is a prominent thirty-second degree Mason and a Shriner.  Adolph Henry is the next of the family.  Reinhart William, the youngest son, born in 1870, supplemented his educational training in the Watertown schools by study in the Spencerian Business College of Milwaukee and the Chicago College of Pharmacy, and is now engaged in the retail drug business in Chicago.  He, too, is a thirty-second degree Mason and a member of the Mystic Shrine.  The daughters of the family are:  Minna, the wife of Morris Wolf, a manufacturer of gas mantles at Detroit, Michigan; Dora, at home; Mrs. Olga Voss, of Portland, Oregon; Antonia, who was the wife of Frank Langer, agent for the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company at Fond du Lac and died in 1915; and one who died in infancy.


Adolph Henry Hartwig was reared on his father's farm and after attending the Watertown public schools continued his studies in the Northwestern College and in 1889 completed a short course in the agricultural department of the University of Wisconsin.  He next engaged in breeding draft and coach horses in connection with his father and in 1891 he toured the British Isles, Belgium, Germany, France and Holland.  He also visited the native town of his parents and on his return he imported the first Percheron horses to this section of the state.  He was in Hamburg during the cholera epidemic and saw the residence of Dr. Koch stoned and the windows broken by a mob that blamed the physician for the epidemic.  From 1893 until 1895 inclusive, he attended the Chicago Veterinary College from which he was graduated with the M. D. C. degree in the latter year.  He then opened an office in Watertown and the following year he performed operations which attracted the attention of the veterinary profession the world over.  He amputated the fore leg of a cow below the knee, made a wooden leg for the cow and she walked for several years after, little the worse for her accident.


In 1901 he became editor of the veterinary department of Hoard's Dairyman and thus continued until 1909, when he established the Farmers' Veterinary Adviser, which he published until 1915.  In 1895 he established the Watertown Veterinary Hospital at Watertown, which he is still conducting, and he also established a branch hospital at Fort Atkinson in 1901, carrying on the business there until 1909, when the Fort Atkinson hospital was discontinued.  His Watertown place is one of the best equipped veterinary hospitals in the state.  He is the discoverer of the "Air Treatment" for milk fever, which was first described in Hoard's Dairyman on page eighteen of the issue of February 12, 1904.  He was appointed state veterinarian in 1911 by Governor McGovern, but after six months' service resigned, for he would not permit his office to be dominated by the political ring of the State University to the detriment of the efficiency of his work.  During four months he had reduced loss through tuberculin tests twenty per cent, discrediting some eighteen hundred boy examiners appointed by the State University heads for political reasons.  One of his last operations; performed April 15, 1917, was the grafting of a new tail on a valuable Holstein cow that had lost part of her tail on a fence, and the operation proved entirely successful.


On the 22d of September, 1897, Dr. Hartwig was married to Miss Ida Gorder, who was born in Watertown, January 13, 1872, a daughter of William Gorder. One child has been born to them, Harold William, who was born January II, 1902, and is a member of the Watertown high school of the class of 1919.  He was also a member of the debating team of 1917 which defeated the Jefferson high school team.  The home of the family is at Eighth and Main streets and is one of the attractive residences of the city.  Mrs. Hartwig is an active member of the Lutheran church, belongs to the Clover Club and takes an active Interest in the social affairs of the city.  Dr. Hartwig is a Mason and a Knight of Pythias and he is also connected with the Dramatic Order of the Knights of Khorassan.


Dr .Hartwig has taken most active interest in promoting progress along the line of his profession and of disseminating knowledge which is of great benefit to stock raisers.  He was the founder of the Wisconsin State Veterinary Society of which he is now treasurer, and has been president of the Wisconsin Society of Veterinary Graduates.  He belongs also to the United States Live Stock Sanitary Association and he is veterinary inspector for the United States Bureau of Animal Industry for live stock destined for shipment to Canada.  He also takes an active interest in public affairs outside of the strict path of his profession.  In politics he is an earnest republican and has served as a member of the city council from 1905 until 1911, during which time he was chairman of the committee on health, lighting, streets and bridges, and did most satisfactory work in those connections.  He has also been deputy game warden and was deputy oil inspector under Governor R. M. La Follette.  He is interested in all matters of public concern but perhaps his most important service has been done along professional lines, for he has disseminated knowledge of great value to stock raisers and now has in compilation a volume which contains much worthwhile information for the farmer and stockman.  He is regarded as authority in his line, for he is continuously studying every phase of his profession and bases his knowledge upon broad professional experience.




Hartwig, A H, Rural Veterinary Secrets, 1921, Advocate Publishing Co, Milwaukee, WI


Dr. A. H. Hartwig, the author of "Rural Veterinary Secrets," was born on a stock and dairy farm in Watertown, Dodge Co., Wisconsin, where he had a good opportunity to study the natural habits and wants of ailing farm animals.


He received his preliminary education in the public schools and Northwestern College of Watertown, Wis.  At the age of seventeen he expressed the desire to study veterinary science and become a veterinary physician and surgeon. However, as his services could not be spared on the farm at that time, he was obliged to abandon the idea, at least for the time being.


When twenty years of age he entered the short course in Agriculture of the University of Wisconsin, under the direction of Dean Henry, it being the second and third year of the existence of that course.  Dr. V. T. Atkinson, the first State Veterinarian of Wisconsin, gave a course of lectures and demonstrations in veterinary science.  These lectures and demonstrations proved of particular interest to the young agricultural student, and again he was inspired with the determination to take up this interesting study, but neither the time nor the means to further attend college could be spared.


After concluding his university studies he returned home and devoted most of his time to breeding draft horses, coach horses, and dairy cattle.  In 1892 he made a tour through Europe.  There he visited the various veterinary colleges in the Old World.  On his return he brought with him an importation of Oldenburg coach horses.  His experience in stock breeding convinced him that a knowledge of veterinary medicine and surgery would be of great benefit to himself and his community.  He again determined to become a veterinarian and then actually entered the Chicago Veterinary College, from which he was graduated in the year 1895.


After graduation he entered upon his practice as a veterinarian in Watertown, Wisconsin, and adjacent community, which he successfully continued for twenty-seven years.  During this time he held various important positions in connection with his profession.  He was president of the Wisconsin Society of Veterinary Graduates; secretary of the Wisconsin State Veterinary Society; State Veterinarian of Wisconsin; Veterinary Editor of "Hoard's Dairyman"; publisher and proprietor of "The Farmer's Veterinary Advisor," and at the present time is Veterinary Inspector for the United States Bureau of Animal Industry.  While editor of "Hoard's Dairyman" he discovered the Air Treatment for milk fever, which is now used the world over and is saving the lives of thousands of valuable farm animals.


The experience thus acquired he is now giving to his fellow farmers and stockowners in the form of "Rural Veterinary Secrets."




My purpose in presenting "Rural Veterinary Secrets" to the farmer and other owners of domesticated animals shall be to educate them to use home remedies intelligently whenever they are applicable in case of emergency, and to properly comfort and care for the patient till medical aid can be summoned; to teach my readers to use the right remedy in the right place in case of emergency, instead of employing anything and everything that might be suggested by the casual observer; to avoid the misapplication of drugs, which so often leads to the destruction of valuable farm animals; and to give professional advice to those who are in need, as well as those who seek professional knowledge on those subjects.


In order that my readers may readily understand what I am to present to them, I will employ common farmer language, avoiding technical expressions as much as possible.  I shall prescribe the most practical and effective remedies for each particular case, regardless of who might be the manufacturer thereof.  The remedies prescribed shall be those which I have found the most successful and practical during my twenty-seven years of practice.


I have decided to place the knowledge and experience obtained in these twenty-seven years of continued and uninterrupted practice as a veterinarian before my readers in concise form, boiled down for quick and ready reference, in this, my first edition of "Rural Veterinary Secrets." [link to this book]



Watertown, Wisconsin, July 1st, 1921.



Kiessling, Elmer C., Watertown Remembered (Watertown: Watertown Historical Society), 1976, p 195


A great change came about in dairying when all cows in Wisconsin had to be tested for tuberculosis, and pasteurization of milk became the rule.  Many a fine herd was decimated when the tests revealed the presence of the disease, but farmers were reimbursed by the state for their losses.  One of the leaders for better health among cattle and other animals was Dr. A. H. Hartwig, appointed state veterinarian by Governor Francis McGovern and twice elected mayor of Watertown.  He opened the first animal hospital in Watertown, wrote a popular book, Farmers' Veterinary Secrets, and patented a medicine, "Sanguitone," that guaranteed "more milk from cows, more pork from pigs and more mutton from sheep."





Buried in Oak Hill Cemetery

Tribute to Emil Luther


Note:  The doctor's office was located where later the gourmet popcorn shop was on Madison St; his animal hospital was in the rear.  It was also located on the block where Associated Bank is now and at one time it was located where Glenn's Market is.  His home was there as well.